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Animal User Requirement #2

Title: The Reuse of Needles in Research Animals

Purpose: Often for reasons of convenience and cost savings, syringes and needles used to inject research animals are often reused. This practice, while widespread, puts research animals at risk of disease from needle sharing, and also can cause unnecessary pain and distress from injections given with a dull needle. In addition, The Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals states that, “Aseptic technique is used to reduce microbial contamination to the lowest possible practical level.”

Direction:
In most instances the reuse of needles on multiple animals is not permitted. It can lead to dulling of the needle, increasing the discomfort associated with injections, and can lead to disease transmission and/or contamination of vials of material to be injected. In rare cases RARC veterinary or IACUC approval may be granted for needle reuse. No disposable needle reuse is permitted in USDA-covered species (e.g., nonhuman primates, dogs, cats, hamsters, rabbits, etc.)

Examples of Justification for Needle Reuse:


General Consideration for Needle Reuse with RARC Veterinary or ACUC Approval:


Author: J. Welter, C. Patten Jr.

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